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**What is Box and Whisker plot**

A box plot, also known as a box and whisker plot, is a graphical representation of statistical data that displays the minimum, first quartile, median, third quartile, and maximum values in a data set. It is used to visualize the distribution of data and to identify potential outliers. The "box" in the plot represents the interquartile range, which is the range between the first quartile (25th percentile) and the third quartile (75th percentile). The "whiskers" of the plot extend from the box to the minimum and maximum values, and any data points outside the whiskers are considered outliers.

when

**When Box plots used?**

Probability density functions (PDFs) are used to describe continuous probability distributions, which occur when a random variable can take on an infinite number of possible values within a given range. Examples of continuous random variables include:

- The height of a person
- The temperature of a room
- The speed of a car

where

**Where Box plots might be used?**

Box plots, also known as box and whisker plots, can be used in a variety of situations to visualize and understand the distribution of a dataset. Some common situations where box plots might be used include:

- Exploratory data analysis: Box plots can be used to quickly visualize the distribution of a dataset and identify potential outliers.
- Comparing multiple datasets: Box plots can be used to compare the distribution of multiple datasets, allowing you to quickly see differences in range, interquartile range, and median.
- Comparing a dataset to a theoretical distribution: By comparing the box plot of a dataset to the box plot of a theoretical distribution, you can determine how well the dataset fits the theoretical distribution.
- Data visualization in reports and presentations: Box plots can be used to clearly and concisely summarize the distribution of a dataset for an audience. <br/>

Overall, box plots are a versatile tool that can be used in many different contexts to visualize and understand the distribution of a dataset.

who

**Who uses the Box plots?**

Box plots are particularly useful for people who work with statistical data and need to identify patterns and trends, compare datasets, or visualize the distribution of data. They are also often used in the field of education, where they can be used to compare the performance of different groups of students or to visualize the distribution of grades on an exam.

why

**Why you might use a box plot?**

Box plots, also known as box and whisker plots, are useful because they provide a graphical representation of statistical data that is easy to interpret and understand. They are particularly useful for visualizing the distribution of a dataset and identifying potential outliers.<br/>
**Here are some specific reasons why you might use a box plot:**

**To quickly summarize the distribution of a dataset:**A box plot can provide a clear and concise summary of the distribution of a dataset, including the range, interquartile range, and median.**To identify potential outliers:**Box plots show data points that fall outside the whiskers, which can indicate potential outliers.**To compare the distribution of multiple datasets:**Box plots allow you to quickly compare the distribution of multiple datasets, making it easy to see differences in range, interquartile range, and median.**To visualize the distribution of a large dataset:**A box plot can provide a quick summary of the distribution of a dataset, even if it contains thousands of data points.

Overall, box plots are a useful tool for visualizing and understanding the distribution of a dataset.

how

**How to create a box plot?**

To create a box plot, you will need to have a dataset that you want to visualize. The dataset should be organized as a list of numerical values. Here are the steps to create a box plot:

**Sort the data:**The first step is to sort the data from smallest to largest.**Determine the quartiles:**Divide the sorted data into four equal parts or quartiles. The first quartile (Q1) is the value that separates the lowest 25% of the data from the highest 75%. The second quartile (Q2) is the median or the value that separates the lowest 50% of the data from the highest 50%. The third quartile (Q3) is the value that separates the lowest 75% of the data from the highest 25%.**Find the minimum and maximum values:**The minimum value is the smallest value in the dataset, and the maximum value is the largest value in the dataset.**Create the box plot:**On a graph, plot the minimum value, Q1, Q2, Q3, and maximum value. Connect Q1 and Q3 to create a box. The line inside the box represents the median. Whiskers extending from the box show the minimum and maximum values. Any data points outside the whiskers are considered outliers.**Label the graph:**Add appropriate labels to the x-axis and y-axis, and include a title for the graph.